With rising costs of fuel and a renewed focus on domestic energy supplies, fracking is garnering a ton of attention in the headlines. Stag Energy Services provide you with the real facts behind the method.
With gas prices continually on the rise and fall, new forms of energy have become a major global focus. Natural gas, and how to obtain it, has reached the forefront of public concern. Media outlets and movies, such as “Promised Land” starring Matt Damon, are spotlighting the public’s concern with fracking. But what exactly is fracking? And is it really bad?
What does “fracking” mean?
Fracking is a nickname for hydraulic fracturing. It’s the process of pumping liquid at high pressure into shale rock to make small holes in the rock structure. Those holes release hydrocarbons, known to most people as natural gas, and the gas is pumped to the earth’s surface. Natural gas has recently become one of the leading, and cleanest, forms of energy in the world.
What is shale rock?
Shale rock is million year old organic matter and debris that formed at the mouth of an ancient river basin. Over time these materials broke down and turned into Natural Gas. To date, the largest formation of shale rock is the Marcellus Shale, located in the Pennsylvania, New York, Ohio, and West Virginia.
How does fracking work?
Fracking is done by using powerful drills to make holes in the earth’s surface. Drilling used to be done vertically, but now there are machines available that allow horizontal drilling to the earth’s surface. According to oil and gas company Stag Energy Services, horizontal drilling is useful in allowing recovery from abandoned wells. It also allows companies to pump gas from additional locations in one hole.
Is fracking harmful?
It depends. Just like any job, fracking safety depends on the safety of the drilling company. Water pollution is a huge concern with fracking, but that doesn’t mean that all drill sites pose a threat to the environment. A good drilling company should take the necessary steps to ensure that the shale isn’t too close to the surface. This is a number one cause of seeping into drinking water.
How can damage be prevented?
Because obtaining natural gas is so new and involves digging deeply into the earth’s surface, energy companies that drill for natural gas have to proceed with care. Before recent technological advances, much of the well location and drilling was guesswork.
According to Stag Energy Services, natural gas may become the leading source of energy in the United States, even far surpassing oil.
Stag Energy Services specializes in drill site location and facility construction.